Columbia Torrent Salamander

Photo Credit: Jonathan Hakim, Flickr


  • Species Common Name Columbia Torrent Salamander
  • Species Scientific Name Rhyacotriton kezeri
  • State Listing Status Sensitive


Special needs

Columbia torrent salamanders are found in cold mountain streams, spring heads, and seeps. They require reaches with loose gravel stream beds and generally prefer basalt over softer geological substrates. This species may be more common in high-gradient streams.

Limiting factors

Columbia torrent salamanders are highly sedentary and have limited dispersal capabilities. Adults are particularly sensitive to desiccation, and larvae are vulnerable to changes in stream flow.

Conservation actions

Retain stream buffers to maintain cool water temperatures and water clarity. Minimize habitat alteration and disturbance at suitable sites.

Key reference or plan

Russell, K.R, T.J. Mabee, and M.B. Cole. 2004. Distribution and Habitat of Columbia Torrent Salamanders at Multiple Scales in Managed Forests of Western Oregon.

Life History Traits