Kincaid’s Lupine

Photo Credit: Oregon Department of Agriculture


  • Species Common Name Kincaid's Lupine
  • Species Scientific Name Lupinus oreganus
  • Federal Listing Status Threatened
  • State Listing Status Threatened


Special needs

Kincaid's lupine occurs in seasonally-wet native prairies.

Limiting factors

Habitat loss due to agricultural and urban development is a major threat to Kincaid's lupine. Invasive plants, elimination of disturbance regimes (e.g., flooding, fire), and road construction and maintenance adversely affect remnant prairie habitat. Inbreeding depression in small populations is a further risk factor.

Conservation actions

Restore prairie habitat using site-appropriate tools (e.g., burning, mechanical removal of encroaching vegetation). Develop seed production fields for each recovery zone. Conduct long-term demographic monitoring. Conduct surveys of potential habitat to locate new populations. Limit impacts from road construction/maintenance at occupied sites.

Key reference or plan

Oregon Department of Agriculture Plant Conservation