Long-billed Curlew

Photo Credit: Dave Budeau, ODFW


  • Species Common Name Long-billed Curlew
  • Species Scientific Name Numenius americanus
  • State Listing Status Sensitive


Special needs

Long-billed Curlews are found in open habitat with relatively short grass and little woody vegetation. In the Northern Basin and Range ecoregion, much of the suitable habitat is comprised of sub-irrigated meadows created by adjoining flood-irrigated meadows.

Limiting factors

Declines are due largely to habitat loss, including conversion of grassland and agricultural land used for breeding to other croplands. Human disturbance may also adversely affect breeding success.

Conservation actions

Expand partnerships with private landowners to maintain and restore large patches of short grass habitat, including ranching operations. Minimize human disturbance from March 15-July 1 at known nesting areas. Increase water availability during key brood-rearing periods through impoundments, securing water rights on public and private lands, and the development of incentives for private land managers to use more compatible water management practices when practicable.

Key reference or plan

Status assessment and conservation action plan for the Long-billed Curlew (Numenius americanus)