Yellow Rail

Photo Credit: Dominic Sherony, Flickr


  • Species Common Name Yellow Rail
  • Species Scientific Name Coturnicops noveboracensis noveboracensis
  • Federal Listing Status Species of Concern
  • State Listing Status Sensitive


Special needs

Yellow Rails use sedge meadows for breeding. They prefer a narrow range of water depths and require the presence of senescent vegetation.

Limiting factors

Yellow Rails persist in a small, disjunct population in Oregon. They are dependent upon specific wetland types and conditions. Intensive livestock grazing that removes >50% of senescent vegetation and hydrological changes from wetland draining or inundation adversely affect this species.

Conservation actions

Maintain preferred water levels of approximately 2.4-2.8 inches during the breeding season. Retain at least 50% of senescent vegetation from year to year.

Key reference or plan

Conservation Assessment for Yellow Rail (Coturnicops noveboracensis)